Home / About Us / Learn Xhosa / Numbers, days, months, seasons

Numbers, days, months, seasons

Xhosa Numbers, days, months, seasons

Numbers

One Inye
Two Mbini
Three ntathu
Four Ne
Five Hlanu
Six Ntandathu
Seven Isixhenxe
Eight Isibhozo
Nine Ithoba
Ten Lishumi
One hundred Rand Ikhulu lerandi
Two hundred Rand Amarandi angamakhulu amabini
Three hundred Rand Amarandi angamakhulu amathathu
Four hundred Rand Amarandi angamakhulu amane
Five hundred Rand Amarandi angamakhulu amahlanu
Six hundred Rand Amarandi angamakhulu amathandathu
Seven hundred Rand Amarandi angamakhulu asixhenxe
Eight hundred Rand Amarandi angamakhulu asibhozo
Nine hundred Rand Amarandi angamakhulu alithoba
One thousand Rand Iwaka
First corner Ikona yokuqala
Second robot Irobhothi yesibini
Third street Istrato sesithathu
Fourth building Isakhiwo sesine
Fifth match Umdlalo wesihlanu
Sixth person Umntu wesithandathu
Seventh church Icawa yesixhenxe
Eighth bus Ibhasi yesibhozo
Ninth month Inyanga yesithoba
Tenth day Usuku lweshumi
Once Kanye
Twice Kabini
Last Ekugqibeleni

Days

Monday uMvulo
Tuesday uLwesibini
Wednesday uLwesithathu
Thursday uLwesine
Friday uLwesihlanu
Saturday uMgqibelo
Sunday iCawa
What is today’s date? Ngumhla wesingaphi?
Today Namhlanje
Tomorrow Ngomso
Yesterday Izolo
A long time ago Kudala

Months

January uJanyuwari
February uFebhuwari
March uMatshi
April u-Epreli
May uMeyi
June uJuni
July uJulayi
August u-Agasti
September uSeptemba
October u-Okthobha
November uNovemba
December uDisemba

Seasons

Winter Ubusika
Summer Ihlobo
Spring Intlakohlaza
Autumn Ukwindla

COMMENTS:

Days of the week
The days of the week changed their original Xhosa names because of the Western influence of the missionaries. They brought along with them working days, i.e. ngoLwesibini (the second working day – Tuesday), ngoLwesithathu (the third working day), ngoLwesine (the fourth working day), ngoLwesihlanu (the fifth working day). Sunday became known as the day of going to church (icawa), thus ngeCawa.

Months in Xhosa
Traditionally, the Xhosa named the different times of the seasons together with the various occurrences within those seasons. July is eyeKhala, the first month of the Xhosa year, so called because the aloes (amakhala) are in bloom. The month of August is EyeThupha which indicates that the trees have started to sprout. The word eyoMsintsi is the name for September indicating when the coral tree is in bloom. March is eyoKwindla, which is the beginning of autumn. Nowadays, the Xhosa names for months are based on their English equivalents; e.g. uJanyuwari (January).

An example:

A: TouristB: Xhosa speaker Numbers, days, months, seasons
A: Ndifuna ukubukela     umdlalo wesibini

     wanamhlanje.

I want to watch the second matchtoday.
B: Kulungile. Yi-R200-00. Alright. It costs R200-00.
A: Inye – zimbini –     zintathu – zine –

     zintlanu – zintandathu

     – zisixhenxe –zisibhozo

     – lithoba –

     lishumi – Amaranti

     alikhulu – Amarandi

     angamakhulu amabini.

(Counting R10 notes): One – two –three – four – five – six – seven –

eight – nine – ten – one hundred

Rand – two hundred Rand.

B: Ndiyabulela. Hamba     kakuhle! Thank you. Go well!
A: Sala kakuhle! Stay well!

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Time limit is exhausted. Please reload the CAPTCHA.