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The human body and wellness

Xhosa The human body and wellness

 The human body

Body Umzimba
Hair Iinwele
Head Intloko
Face Ubuso
Ear /ears Indlebe /iindlebe
Tooth / teeth Izinyo / amazinyo
Neck Intamo
Shoulder /shoulders Igxalaba / amagxalaba
Chest Isifuba
Heart Intliziyo
Stomach Isisu
Finger / fingers Umnwe / iminwe
Foot / feet Unyawo / iinyawo
Ankle /ankles Iqatha / amaqatha
Eye /eyes Ihlo, iliso / amehlo
Nose Impumlo
Tongue Ulwimi
Hand / hands Isandla / izandla
Arm /arms Ingalo /iingalo
Elbow /elbows Ingqiniba / iingqiniba
Hip /hips Inyonga /iinyonga / isinqe / izinqe
Back Umhlana/ imihlana
Knee / knees Idolo / amadolo
Buttock / buttocks Impundu / iimpundu
Thigh /thighs Ithanga / amathanga
Calf /calves Isiquluba / iziquluba
Leg /legs Umlenze / imilenze
Toe /toes Uzwane / iinzwane

 Wellness

I am not feeling well. Andiphilanga.
What is the matter? Yintoni?
I feel weak. Andinamandla.
I am tired. Ndidiniwe.
I am sick. Ndiyagula.
I am injured. Ndenzakele.
I have a headache. Ndiphethwe yintloko.
I have a cold. Ndiphethwe ngumkhuhlane.
I am coughing. Ndiyakhohlela.
I am thirsty. Ndinxaniwe.
I am hungry. Ndilambile.
I want to see the doctor / dentist. Ndifuna ukubona ugqirha / wamazinyo.
Where do you have pain? Kubuhlungu phi na?
I can’t sleep well. Andikwazi ukulala kakuhle.
I have been stung by a bee. Ndilunywe yinyosi.
I have been bitten by a snake. Ndilunywe yinyoka.
I have broken my arm. Ndaphuke ingalo.
I have diarrhoea. Ndiphethwe lurhudo Ndiyahambisa.
Get better soon! Uphile msinyane!
Take care! Zilumkele! Zijonge!
I feel good! Ndiphilile
I am happy! Ndonwabile / Ndiyavuya!

 COMMENTS

South African docters are very well qualified and there are excellent hospitals in South Africa, whether private or provincial. Xhosa people either visit a Western docter or a traditional docter. In the traditional Xhosa culture the inyanga (herbalist) and the igqirha (soothsayer) heal people. Where the inyanga is usually a man, the igqirha may be a woman. The inyanga utilises an extensive knowledge of herbs, treebark, grasses, etc. inherited from previous generations to cure his patients, while the isangoma throws bones and shells to identify various illnesses.
When going to a traditional docter, it may be useful to know different body parts when you want to express what illness you are suffering from. The sentence usually starts with Ndiphethwe, e.g.

Ndiphethwe sisisu (I have stomach ache)

Ndiphethwe yintloko (I have a headache)

Ndiphethwe sisifuba (I have a chest pain).

An example:

A: TouristB: Xhosa speaker The human body and ailments
A: Molo! Hallo!
B: Ewe. Unjaninamhlanje? Hallo. How is it today?
A: Ndiyagula. I am ill.
B: Uphethwe ntoni? What is wrong?
A: Ndiphethwe sisisu. I have a stomach ache.
B: Nali iyeza. Here is medicine.
A: Ndiyabulela. Thank you.
B: Uphile kamsinyane!     Uzinakekele! You must get better soon! Takecare!

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