Home / Xhosa History

Xhosa History

AmaXhosa Kingdom – A History (Part 1)

Xhosa Leaders - AmaRharhabe Queen Noloyiso Sandile, King Maxhob’ayakhawuleza Sandile, AmaGcaleka King Xolilizwe Sigcawu & Queen Nondwe Sigcawu in 1991

200 000 years ago – Earliest known ancestors of all Africans were living in the Omo River Valley, Ethiopia. 170 000 – 40 000 years ago – Foundations of Culture and first use of Imbola (red-ochre) at Blombos Cave, Mossel Bay. That was where we find the first use of ...

Read More »

Chief Maqoma ka Ngqika of the Rharhabe Xhosa

Maqoma - Xhosa Resistance to Colonial Advance

Chief Maqoma ka Ngqika ka Rharhabe was born in 1798 in Xesi. He was the Right Hand Son of Ngqika, King of the Rharhabe division of the Xhosa nation. Implacably opposed to his father’s ceding of the land between the Fish and Keiskamma Rivers to the European Settlers of the ...

Read More »

Nongqawuse – The Xhosa Cattle Killings of 1856-57

Nongqawuse (right) and Nonkosi - young Xhosa prophetess

Nongqawuse, (c.1841–c.1898), was a prophetess of the great Xhosa cattle-killing of 1856–1857. Nongqawuse was an orphan living with her uncle Mhlakaza at the Gxarha River in independent Xhosaland, close to the border of the recently colonized territory of British Kaffraria in South Africa. One day in April 1856, she informed ...

Read More »

Inkosi u Phondolwendlovu Zanembeko Ndamase born 18 June 1951

Phondolwendlovu Zanembeko Ndamase, born 18 June 1951

Ngalemini: 18 KweyeSilimelaKuzalwa Inkosi u Phondolwendlovu Zanembeko Ndamase unyana ka Kumkani wamaMpondo aseNtshona eNyandeni u Tutor Nyangelizwe Vulindlela Ndamase nowakwakhe, HRH Jessie Thandiwe Zulu, owazalwa siSilo samaZulu u King Solomon ka Dinuzulu. INKOSI u Phondolwendlovu uzalwa ne Nkosi u Makaziwe Ndamase utata weKumkani yamaMpondo aneNtshona kungoku nje u Kumkani u ...

Read More »

Madiba the African Opera at the South African State Theatre

Madibe the African opera is a work was created by HRH Unathi Phathuxolo Mtirara, composed by Sibusiso Njeza and orchestrated by Kutlwano Masote. It begins in the village of Mqhekezweni, a couple of years before the birth of President Nelson Mandela, Mqhekezweni is the original Great Place of King Dalindyebo, it was seen ...

Read More »

King Hintsa of the Xhosa Nation died on this day (12 May 1835)

King Hintsa of the Gcaleka Xhosa

King Hintsa ka Khawuta (1789 – 12 May 1835), also known as Hintsa the Great. He was the 4th paramount Chief of the Gcaleka, sub-group of the united Xhosa nation from 1820 until his death in 1835. He was born just 10 years after the beginning of 100 years of ...

Read More »

Hrh Nkosi Ngubengcuka Fadana pays tribute to King Hintsa

Ngawo lo Mhla (12th) kweka Canzibe iNyanga kumNyaka wama 1835 ilanga lathi latshona emini kwi siZwe samaGcaleka. Umthi omkhulu wawa savakala isithonga…iZulu lagqina, lazongoma litshawuzisa imibane kambe ligqekreza. Kaloku lwangcwal’ungele lahlanza iselwa, yabe njalo iKumkani uHintsa iwunabele uqaqaqa idutyulwe emilenzeni nasentloko ngu Lieutenant George Southey ngokwe miyalelo ka Governor Harry ...

Read More »

Return of the Mandelas

The air is thick, dry with heat, making it the parched companion to this arid environment. Thousands of aloes stand like stony sentries dotted along ridges, hills and plateaus, their headdresses a fiery red against the earth coloured surrounds. There is a deafening silence broken only by a gentle breeze ...

Read More »